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Anniston Army Depot Base in Bynum, AL Alabama Military Bases
Located in Bynum, Alabama, Anniston Army Depot is one of the major facilities run and operated by the US Army, It is responsible for multiple depot operations, such as repairing various vehicles or storing chemical weapons. The depot covers more than 65 square km and hosts over 2,000 employees on site. Although it has the capacity to repair a lot of different vehicles, including tanks, its primary mission has always been to store weapons and ammunition. When it comes to chemical weapons, you can count mustard gas, the VX nerve agent or even Sarin. There are only seven depots that can host chemical weapons in the United States of America and this is one of them.
The general mission of this depot is to repair and produce military vehicles and store ammunition and supplies. The range of activities is widely varied. It mostly depends on the latest US Army upgrades and improvements.
The history of this site dates back to 1940, when the War Department was seriously looking for a spot to establish in the northern part of Alabama. By the end of the year, the authorities picked Anniston, therefore the US Army acquired more than 10,000 acres. However, the site was later extended to around 15,000 acres. The actual construction began in the first months of 1941 and included igloos, warehouses, a few administrative buildings and magazines. By the end of 1941, the whole depot was operated by four individuals only. It was still in its early months. By the end of 1942, it grew to almost 4,500 employees.
The missions at Anniston Army Depot kept changing as time went by. The US Army continuously upgraded its weaponry, not to mention about the new models that kept showing up, especially during the Cold War. The depot constantly evolved to fulfill its mission though, whether its objectives implied storing weapons or repairing tanks. Some of the major names that were repaired at this depot include the M48A1, M47, M48A2C and M48 tank models.
The chemical weapons got a spot at Anniston Army Depot starting with 1963. By the ’80s, it was responsible with missile maintenance as well. Operation Iraqi Freedom was one of the most important operations led by the US Army it supported through a very advanced armor kit. These days, the depot brags with more than 500,000 tons of various supplies in operations, as well as over 500 combat vehicles produced every year. It holds around 25,000 jobs in the area, therefore it plays a major role in the local economy.
Although there are more than 25,000 workers at Anniston Army Depot, there are no major units hosted on site. The facility is not operated by military units. Instead, there are a few tenant units deployed there, but their assignments are usually temporary. Many of the employees are civilians. Some of the most important tenant organizations hosted on site include the Chemical Activity, the Center of Military History, the Defense Munitions Center or the Defense Distribution Depot. These are no military units though.
Anniston Army Depot
Nestled in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains in northeast Alabama, Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) occupies over 25 square miles of land in the southeastern United States. ANAD is located between two major cities, Atlanta, GA, 90 miles to the east on Interstate 20 and Birmingham, AL, 60 miles west on Interstate 20. Possibly the nation’s most diversified defense resource, ANAD offers scenic splendor as well as unlimited natural resources. The base operator’s phone number is (256) 235-7445.
Over the past half century, Anniston Army Depot has transitioned from forested depot to a high-density industrial complex while hosting a plethora of diverse and wide-ranging missions. Since its origin in 1942 as a storage depot, ANAD has been transformed into a state-of-the-market maintenance facility, earning its highly-esteemed reputation as “The Tank Rebuild Center of the World.” Broadly diversified skills are deep-rooted at Anniston and our success is attributable to the teaming of our highly skilled workforce with a strong management support structure. Our workforce, armed with state-of-the-art equipment and technology, invites the challenge of any new work effort with the renowned “Anniston can do it” attitude.
Anniston Army Depot, a part of the U.S. Army Tank Automotive and Armaments Command, is the only Army depot capable of performing maintenance on both heavy and light-tracked combat vehicles and their components. The depot is designated as the Center of Technical Excellence for the M1 Abrams Tank and is the designated candidate depot for the repair of the M60, AVLB, M728 and M88 combat vehicles. ANAD has assumed responsibility for towed and self-propelled artillery as well as the M113 Family of Vehicles. Under partnership agreements, a wide range of vehicle conversions and upgrades are currently underway. The depot also performs maintenance on individual and crew-served weapons as well as land combat missiles and small arms. Additionally, the maintenance and storage of conventional ammunition and missiles, as well as the storage of seven percent of the nation’s chemical munitions stockpile, are significant parts of the depot’s overall missions and capabilities.
ANAD’s workforce includes Active Duty Officers, DoD Civilian Employees, Tenant Employees, Contract Employees, and NAF Employees. Key tenant organizations on the depot include the Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston (DDAA), the Anniston Munitions Center (ANMC) the Anniston Chemical Activity (ANCA), the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization (PMCD), the Center of Military History Clearing House, the 722nd Ordnance Company (Explosive Ordnance Disposal EOD) and the Defense Reutilization and Marketing.
There is currently no on-post transportation.
The Army Community Service Relocation Readiness Program provides Sponsorship Support upon request for incoming military and civilian employees. Contact the Relocation Assistance Program Manager at (256) 235-5247 or DSN 312-571-5247 for assistance.
There is no temporary lodging available at Anniston Army Depot. Temporary lodging is available at several hotels/motels in our local community.
The Army Community Service (ACS) Relocation Office is located in Building 94 on Facilities Blvd. Whether you are military or a Department of Defense civilian employee, you can request a welcome packet by contacting ACS at (256) 741-5247 or DSN 312- 571-5247. Relocation services available include: Newcomer’s Welcome Briefing and Packets, Lending Closet, PCS Sponsorship Briefing, Auto Maps, Deployment and Mobilization support, and individual counseling.